The Pakistan Monument (Urdu: یادبود پاکستان) is a national monument and heritage museum located on the western Shakarparian Hills in Islamabad, Pakistan. The monument was constructed to symbolise the unity of the Pakistani people. Its elevation makes the monument visible from across the Islamabad-Rawalpindi metropolitan area and is a popular tourist destination.
Covering a total area of 2.8 hectares, the monument is shaped as a blooming flower petal-shaped structure built of granite, with the inner walls of the petals inscribed with the outlines of Lahore Fort, Badshahi Mosque, Khyber Pass and Minar-e-Pakistan. The monument opens onto a marble terrace providing a bird's-eye view of Islamabad City. The four main petals of the monument represent the four provinces of Balochistan, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh, while the three smaller petals represent the three territories of Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Jammu & Kashmir and the Tribal Areas). The central platform is made in the shape of a five-pointed star which is surrounded by a water body. A metallic crescent surrounding the star is inscribed with sayings of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and poetry of Allama Iqbal.
Main article: Lok Virsa Museum § Pakistan Monument Museum
Adjoining the monument is the Pakistan Monument Museum, which includes a wax museum depicting important events leading to the Pakistan Movement. Furthermore, the facilities includes a reference library, audio-visual archive, conference hall along with a 62-seat capacity auditorium known as Panorama Hall. The complex receives on average received 1500 tourists per day totalling at 0.57 million visitors in 2015. From air the monument looks like a star (center) and a crescent moon (formed by walls forming the petals), these represent the star and crescent on Pakistan's flag. The foundation stone was laid on 25 May 2004, completed in 2006 and inaugurated on 23 March 2007.
The plan for a national monument was first envisioned in 2005 by Uxi Mufti, son of Mumtaz Mufti. The idea was later adopted by Ministry of Culture led by Hamad Kashif and in 2005 the Pakistan Council of Architects & Town Planners organised a national monument design competition based around the theme of signifying strength, unity and dedication of the people of Pakistan into an icon representing an independent and free nation. From a total of 21 submissions, 3 were short-listed. The final design proposed by Arif Masoud was selected.
Pakistan Monument by M Amir Mir
Crescent moon over Monument
Gardens at Pakistan Monument Islamabad
An entrance gate leading to the monument
Pakistan Monument at Night
View of the monument at night
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The Higher Education Commission (HEC) on Wednesday announced the results of the National Essay Writing Competitions for regular university students. The essay competitions were organised across the country in collaboration with Centre for Civic Education Pakistan (CCEP). Talking to APP an official of CCEP said the participants, aged 15 to 25, wrote essays on the topic, ‘What does federalism mean to me?’ “The competitions were held to promote writing, descriptive and creative skills and a futuristic approach among university students. It also aimed to encourage research and analysis on the theme.” At least 62 students from 35 public and private universities and post-graduate colleges participated in the competition.
A panel of judges comprising of senior faculty members from the Quaid-e-Azam University, the National University of Modern Languages and other experts reviewed the essays. According to results Zahra Abidi, from the Bahria University Karachi’s Institute of Professional Psychology secured the first position in the competition while Muhammad Zubair Khan from National College of Business Administration and Economic, Lahore stood second. The third position was awarded to Alia Bibi from Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi. The winners of the first, second and third positions were awarded cash prizes worth Rs 20,000, Rs 15,000 and Rs 10,000 respectively along with merit certificates and medals.Certificates of achievement were also conferred on Bela Khan, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Muhammad Umar Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam University Islamabad, Farah Anwar, Institute of Business Management Karachi, Muhammad Ali Raza, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Lahore, Komal Dilshad, Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi and Sunnia Farrukh, Fatima Jinnah Women University Rawalpindi.
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