Nursing Quantitative Research Papers

Abstract

Aims and objectives

To quantify quantitative outcomes of a practice change to a blended form of bedside nursing report.

Background

The literature identifies several benefits of bedside nursing shift report. However, published studies have not adequately quantified outcomes related to this process change, having either small or unreported sample sizes or not testing for statistical significance.

Design

Quasi-experimental pre- and postimplementation design.

Methods

Seven medical-surgical units in a large university hospital implemented a blend of recorded and bedside nursing report. Outcomes monitored included patient and nursing satisfaction, patient falls, nursing overtime and medication errors.

Results

We found statistically significant improvements postimplementation in four patient survey items specifically impacted by the change to bedside report. Nursing perceptions of report were significantly improved in the areas of patient safety and involvement in care and nurse accountability postimplementation. However, there was a decline in nurse perception that report took a reasonable amount of time after bedside report implementation; contrary to these perceptions, there was no significant increase in nurse overtime. Patient falls at shift change decreased substantially after the implementation of bedside report. An intervening variable during the study period invalidated the comparison of medication errors pre- and postintervention. There was some indication from both patients and nurses that bedside report was not always consistently implemented.

Conclusions

Several positive outcomes were documented in relation to the implementation of a blended bedside shift report, with few drawbacks. Nurse attitudes about report at the final data collection were more positive than at the initial postimplementation data collection.

Relevance to clinical practice

If properly implemented, nursing bedside report can result in improved patient and nursing satisfaction and patient safety outcomes. However, managers should involve staff nurses in the implementation process and continue to monitor consistency in report format as well as satisfaction with the process.

You can find quantitative articles by searching in the Library databases using methodology terms as keywords. To find a quantitative study, possible keywords include the type of study, data analysis type, or terminology used to describe the results.

 

     Example quantitative keywords
 

 

  • ANOVA
  • Chi square
  • Correlation
  • Data

 

  • Distribution
  • Experiment
  • Pretest
  • Posttest

 

  • Quantitative
  • Reliability
  • Statistical
  • T-test

 

  • Time series
  • Validity
  • Variable
  • Variance

 

The following search uses Thoreau, our multi-database search tool, to find examples of quantitative research studies. However, you can search in any article or dissertation database for quantitative studies.

1.  On the Library homepage, type your general term in the main search box:

quantitative.

2.  Sign in with your myWalden username and password when prompted.

3.  Type more methodology terms in the first search box. Use as many alternative terms as are relevant to your search. Use the remaining search box(es) to narrow your search to a specific topic of interest.

4.  Click the Search button.

Here is an example search set up:

First search box:

Quantitative OR Statistic* OR Correlation*

Second search box:

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

 

Here is an image that shows the search setup: 

 

Search Tips

  • Connecting the alternative terms with OR tells the database to search for any of these terms.

  • Using the asterisk (*) truncates the search.  The database will search for the part of the word you typed before the asterisk, along with any possible endings of the word. Using statistic* tells the database to search for statistics, statistical, etc.

  • Some methodologies are rarely used for certain research topics. You may need to broaden your search topic to find a study that uses your methodology.
     
  • Many articles and dissertations will include methodology terms in the abstract or title. To make sure that you have an example of your methodology, be sure to look at the methodology section in the full text. This will provide detailed information about the methodology used.

 

To find more results or if you are searching for a very specific type of study design you can try a different search setup. 

1. Type your terms into the first search box. 

2. To the right of that, change the Select a Field (optional) drop-down menu to TX All Text.

3. Type your other keyword term into the second search box

For example: 

First search box:

Pretest AND Posttest

Second search box: 

post-traumatic stress disorder

 

Here is an image of the search set up: 

 

Search Tip: Connecting these terms with AND tells the database to search for both of these words.

 

Watch a video showing how to search for a quantitative article in the Library databases:

Video: Find Quantitative Articles


(2 min 2 sec) Transcript

 

More Information:

Do you have other methodology search questions?  Ask a Librarian!

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