Presentation on theme: "TOTALITARIANISM Stalinist Russia"— Presentation transcript:
1 TOTALITARIANISM Stalinist Russia
After Lenin died, there was a power struggle for control of the Communist Party
2 Who takes Power Next?
3 Who would you pick??Brains OR Brawn
4 Leon Trotsky Leader of the Red Army
Played major role in communist take-over of powerBelieved he was Lenin’s pick for successor
5 Josef Stalin Propagandist under Lenin
Excelled in everyday operations of the Party like calling meetings, organizing strikes, publishing leafletsLenin saw him as too rude and coarse to become leader of the Soviet UnionEventually through political trickiness, Stalin gained power and Trotsky was killed
6 BUILDING A TOTALITARIAN STATE Stalin Focuses on Perfecting Communism in Russia
Totalitarianism – a government that takes total control over every aspect of public and private life.This form of government goes against the democratic values of freedom, human dignity, and the worth of the individual.Stalin transformed the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state to realize his vision.
7 COMMAND ECONOMY Stalin Seizes Control of the Economy
Stalin’s economic policies involved total state control…ONE LEADER IN CHARGECommand Economy – a system in which the government makes all economic decisions.Under this system, political leaders identify the country’s economic needs and determine how to fulfill them.
8 LARGE NEED FOR CHANGEStalin announced, “We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we do it or we shall be crushed.”Country would take drastic steps to promote rapid industrial growth and to strengthen national defense.
9 INDUSTRIAL POLICIESStalin created the FIVE YEAR PLAN = giving Russia 5 years to become economically strong. Strength in industry is priority.He set impossibly high quotas, or numerical goals, to increase the output of steel, coal, oil, and electricity.The government limited the production of consumer goods.severe shortages of housing, food, clothing, and other necessary goods.The government chose the workers, assigned them jobs, and determined their working hours…govt had complete controlNeeded police permission to move
10 AGRICULTURAL POLICIES
In 1928, the government seized over 25 million privately owned farms in the Soviet Union.It created collective farms – large government owned farms that each had hundreds of workers producing food for the state.Stalin used terror and violence to force peasants to work on the collective farms (between 5 to 10 million peasants were killed because they resisted or even killed livestock and destroyed crops in protest).
11 ART/RELGION ART RELIGION
Art became a method of propaganda used to rally the workers.Social realism was an artistic style that praised Soviet Life and Communist values.RELIGIONCommunists aimed to replace religious teachings with the ideals of communism.The police destroyed churches and synagogues; also killed leaders of all faiths or sent them to labor camps.Government = God
12 EDUCATIONUnder Stalin, the government controlled all education – nursery to university.University and technical training were the key to a better life.Students learned the virtues of communism and evils of capitalismProfessors and students who questioned Communist Leaders interpretation of history were threatened or arrested.
13 CONTROL METHODS Police Terror
–monitored telephone lines, read mail, planted spies, and arrested/executed millions of traitorsThe Great Purge (a campaign of terror)It was directed at eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin’s power.Estimate – killed 8 to 13 million peopleCensorship-Stalin would not tolerate individual creativity; wanted conformity and obedience of citizens.-Government controlled all media (newspapers, movies, etc.)
14 PROPAGANDA Totalitarian states rely on indoctrination or brainwashing.
Propaganda is biased or incomplete information used to sway people to accept certain beliefs or actions.Stalin used lots of propaganda!Soviet newspapers and radio broadcasts glorified the achievements of communism, Stalin, and his programs.
15 What was it like under Stalin and communism?
Stalin Declassified with video notes(44:55min)
Presentation on theme: "Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia"— Presentation transcript:
1 Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia
2 Political Reforms in Russia
To keep nationalism from splitting the country apart, Russia was divided into self-governing republics.All of these would report to the central government.In, 1922, Lenin renamed Russia the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR)
5 Stalin Takes PowerLenin died in 1924 and Joseph Stalin took over the Communist party.He planned to build the perfect communist government by having total control of the gov. and the people.
8 TotalitarianismTotalitarianism describes a government that takes control over all aspects of society and some aspects of citizens private lives.
9 Aspects of Totalitarianism
Police Terror- terror and violence are used to crush opposition and force obedience.In these types of states, the police are used to enforce government policy, not to protect the citizens.Indoctrination- education is key to indoctrination as it is used to glorify the leader and convince all that their unconditional loyalty and support is needed.
10 Aspects of Totalitarianism
3. Propaganda and Censorship- biased, incomplete information is spread through the media in order to sway people to accept certain actions or beliefs.4. Religious or ethnic persecution- “enemies of the state” are created to blame for anything goes wrong.
13 Stalin builds a Totalitarian State
The police under Stalin used tanks and armored cars to stop riots.They also monitored phone lines, read mail, and planted informants.
14 The Great PurgeFrom Stalin used the Great Purge to get rid of any communist who might threaten his power.Thousands were executed or sent to labor camps for “crimes against the Soviet state.”At the time of Stalin’s death in 1953 an estimated million had been killed.
16 Russian Propaganda and Censorship
Stalin’s gov. controlled all sources of public information and entertainment.Writers, composers, and artists were not allowed to show individual creativity.They could only produce works that glorified the state, communism, or Stalin and his economic programs.
22 Russian Indoctrination
The gov. controlled all levels of education and taught children the virtues of communism.The importance of hard work, sacrifice, and loyalty were big themes at all grade levels.
23 Russian Religious Persecution
Stalin set out to replace religion with the ideals of communism.Propaganda was spread to show that religious beliefs were superstition.Churches and synagogues were destroyed and religious leaders sent to labor camps.
24 Stalin’s Five-Year Plans
In 1928, Stalin planned a command economy, a system in which the gov. makes all economic decisions.Quotas were set for steel, coal, oil, and electricity.To reach these targets the gov. limited production of consumer goods.The goal of these plans was economic growth.
25 Collective FarmsIn 1928, the gov. began to seize over 25 million privately owned farms and combine them.Kulaks, wealthy peasants, protested against these collectives and they were eventually eliminated.